Self Storage Laws
SELF-SERVICE STORAGE FACILITY LIEN
578A.1 Short title.
This Act shall be known as the “Iowa Self-Service Storage Facility Lien Act”.
84 Acts, ch 1130, §1
As used in this chapter, unless the context clearly requires otherwise:
1. “Last known address” means that address provided by the occupant in the latest rental agreement, or the address provided by the occupant by certified mail in a subsequent written notice of a change of address.
2. “Occupant” means a person, in privity with the owner, entitled to the use to the exclusion of others of the storage space at a self-service storage facility pursuant to privity with the owner.
3. “Owner” means the owner, operator, lessor, or sublessor of a self-service storage facility, the agent, or any other person authorized by the owner to manage the facility, or to receive rent from an occupant under a rental agreement.
4. “Personal property” means movable property not affixed to land, and includes, but is not limited to goods, merchandise, and household items.
5. “Possessory lien” means a lien on a personal property that is valid only while the property is in the possession of the person asserting the lien or an agent of the person.
6. “Rental agreement” means an agreement or lease, written or oral, between the owner and occupant, that establishes or modifies the terms, conditions, rules, or any other provisions concerning the use and occupancy of a self-service storage facility.
7. “Self-service storage facility” means real property designed and used for the purpose of renting or leasing individual storage space to occupants who are to have access to the space for the purpose of storing personal property. If an owner issues a warehouse receipt, bill of lading, or other document of title for the personal property stored, the owner and the occupant are subject to chapter 554, article 7 and this chapter does not apply.
84 Acts, ch 1130, §2
The owner of a self-service storage facility and the heirs, executors, administrators, successors, and assigns have a possessory lien upon all personal property located at a self-service storage facility for rent, labor, or other reasonable charges, in relation to the storage of the personal property, and for expenses necessary for its preservation, or expenses reasonably incurred in its sale or other disposition pursuant to this chapter. The lien provided for in this section shall not have priority over a lien or security interest perfected prior to the time the personal property is placed within or upon the self-storage facility. The lien attaches as of the date the personal property is brought to the self-service storage facility.
84 Acts, ch 1130, §3
578A.4 Enforcement of lien.
An owner’s lien for a claim which has become due may be satisfied as follows:
1. The occupant shall be notified by delivering in person with acceptance to be signed by the occupant or by mailing by certified mail to the last known address of the occupant, a notice which shall include:
a. An itemized statement of the owner’s claim showing the amount due at the time of the notice and the date when the amount became due.
b. A brief and general description of the personal property subject to the lien. The description shall be reasonably adequate to permit the person notified to identify it, except that any container including a trunk, valise, or box that is locked, fastened, sealed, or tied in a manner which deters immediate access to its contents shall be described as such without describing its contents.
c. A statement that the occupant is denied access to the personal property, if a denial is permitted under the rental agreement. The statement shall provide the name, street address, and telephone number of the owner, or the owner’s designated agent, whom the occupant may contact to respond to this notice.
d. A demand for payment within a specified time not less than fourteen days after delivery of the notice.
e. A conspicuous statement that unless the claim is paid within the time stated in the notice, the personal property will be advertised for sale or other disposition, and will be sold or otherwise disposed of at a specified time and place.
2. A notice mailed by certified mail pursuant to subsection 1 is made and completed when the notice is enclosed in a sealed envelope with the proper postage on the envelope, addressed to the occupant or successor at the last known mailing address, and deposited in a mail receptacle provided by the United States postal service.
3. After the expiration of the time given in the notice, an advertisement of the sale or other disposition shall be published once a week for two consecutive weeks in a newspaper of general circulation in the county where the self-service storage facility is located. The advertisement shall include:
a. A brief and general description of the personal property reasonably adequate to permit its identification as provided for in subsection 1, paragraph “b”.
b. The address of the self-service storage facility, the number, if any, of the space where the personal property is located, and the name of the occupant.
c. The time, place, and manner of the sale or other disposition. The sale or other disposition shall take place not sooner than fifteen days after the first publication. If there is no newspaper of general circulation where the self-service storage facility is located, the advertisement shall be posted at least ten days before the date of the sale or other disposition in at least six conspicuous places in the neighborhood where the self-service storage facility is located.
4. A sale or other disposition of the personal property shall conform to the terms of the notification provided for in this section.
5. A sale or other disposition of the personal property shall be held at the self-service storage facility, or at the nearest suitable place to where the personal property is held or stored.
6. Before a sale or other disposition of personal property is made pursuant to this section, the occupant may pay the amount necessary to satisfy the lien, and the reasonable expenses incurred under this section, and redeem the personal property. Upon receipt of such payment, the owner shall return the personal property.
7. A purchaser in good faith of the personal property sold to satisfy the lien takes the property free of any rights of persons against whom the lien was valid, despite noncompliance by the owner with the requirements of this section. The purchaser shall apply for a new title to a vehicle by the procedures outlined in section 321.47(https://www.legis.iowa.gov/docs/ico/code/321.47.pdf). For all other property which has a written title, the purchaser shall follow the applicable procedures for the property for the transfer of title by operation of law.
8. In the event of a sale under this section, the owner may satisfy the lien from the proceeds of the sale, but shall hold the balance in a segregated escrow account for a period of ninety days for delivery on demand to the occupant. If the occupant does not claim the balance within ninety days, the moneys shall be paid to the county treasurer in the county where the facility is located. The county treasurer shall hold the money for a period of two years. If a claim is not made by the owner for the funds, then the funds shall become the property of the county. There shall be no further recourse by any person against the owner for an action pursuant to this section.
84 Acts, ch 1130, §4
578A.5 Supplemental nature of chapter.
This chapter does not impair or affect the right of parties to create liens by special contract or agreement, nor does it affect or impair other liens arising at common law or in equity, or by a statute of this state.
84 Acts, ch 1130, §5
578A.6 Facility not residence or warehouse.
An occupant shall not use a self-service storage facility for residential purposes. A self-service storage facility is not a warehouse as defined in chapter 554.
84 Acts, ch 1130, §6